2nd Generation



forst generation kopiwu 2 first generation kopiwu 3


second

generation



When Coffeeshop is in business in Singapore, Kopitiam is the way of Nanyang people calling of the Coffeeshop. After 1980’s , KopiWu(咖啡屋) is the new way of how people called CoffeeShop/House now. As time goes, the term Coffeehouses and Coffeeshops are form and is called 咖啡屋(KopiWu)

In origin a small-scale set-up serving workers and residents cheap drinks, nibbles and sometimes meals, the Coffeeshop has constantly evolved and experienced much change over several broad periods: the colonial period of mass immigration in the 19th and early 20th centuries, massive resettlement of local communities into HDB public housing estates and urban renewal in the 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s, and rapid urbanization and globalization since the 1990s.


This paper examines the Coffeeshop's evolution in the following aspects of its cultural and social distinctiveness and diversity: 1) foods, 2) peoples - owners, stallholders and workers and customers, 3) social-cultural activities and politics, and 4) local and international economic competition and connections. In doing so, it explicates the historical, social and cultural evolution of the Coffeeshop as a site of Singaporean multiculturalism that is derived from the continuous inputs and interactions of generations of immigrants, entrepreneurs and customers over time. At the same time, it also shows some dimensions, expressions and meanings of multiculturalism and cultural change at the local level and in the local-global nexus.


With better standard of living and enhancements in technology, skills and expertise, Coffeeshops have been transforming throughout the years to suit the modern era.


Settings of Coffeeshop are becoming more organized with proper stall holders that lined neatly for smoother human traffics. Premises are now more spacious to meet the needs of the increasing number of patrons. Designs are well-planned and compounds are kept clean to increase patronization and attraction.


Despite having many changes with the coffee shop operations it continues to protect its traditional culture in delicacies while adapting and changing the outlook of its environment and settings alongside with Singapore’s development progression.


As Singapore’s economy is getting better, Coffee shops starts to be operated by individuals or an organization instead of just family members. In order for an individual or an organization to start operating coffee shop business, they must first agree to the landlord's terms and condition stated in the contract before proceeding to get the required licenses from Government bodies, sum of money for renovations, rental.etc


Besides having a more decent Coffeeshop than the past, street hawkers were also abolished as to meet the requirements of hygiene standard, as a result Hawker centre were built to allow vendors from previous street hawkers to continue their business in a cleaner and more organized way.